Important Govt. of India Central Acts and Rules having Relevance to Biodiversity Conservation:

In India there are number of acts and rules have created before and after independence to protect wildlife and biodiversity following are important:

  • Fisheries Act, 1897.
  • Destructive Insects and Pests Act, 1914.
  • The Indian Forest Act, 1927.
  • Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marketing) Act, 1937.
  • Indian Coffee Act, 1942
  • Import and Export (Control) Act, 1947.
  • Rubber (Production and Marketing) Act, 1947.
  • Tea Act, 1953.
  • Mining and Mineral Development (Regulation) Act,1957
  • Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
  • Customs Act, 1962.
  • Cardamom Act, 1965.
  • Seeds Act, 1966.
  • The Patents Act, 1970.
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Marine Products Export Development Authority Act, 1972.
  • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  • Tobacco Board Act, 1975.
  • Territorial Water, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and other Maritime Zones Act, 1976.
  • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977.
  • Maritime Zones of India (Regulation and Fishing by Foreign Vessels) Act. 1980.

  • Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980.
  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  • Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act, 1985/1986.
  • Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  • Spices Board Act, 1986.
  • National Dairy Development Board, 1987.
  • Rules for the manufacture, use/import/export and storage of hazardous microorganisms/ genetically engineered organisms or cells, 1989
  • Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act, 1992.
  • Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPVFR) Act, 2001
  • Biological Diversity Act, 2002
  • Plant Quarantine (Regulation of Import into India) Order, 2003
  • Biological Diversity Rules, 2004
  • The Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
  • Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.

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